A good pair of eyes should never be taken for granted. They need love and care to stay healthy. Here are some tips to help you maintain good eye health:
Good eye health starts with a healthy diet. To protect yourself from age-related vision conditions such as macular degeneration and cataracts, you need to stock up on omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc, and vitamins C and E.
To do so, fill your meals with green leafy vegetables, oily fish, eggs, nuts, beans, citrus fruits, oysters and pork. A healthy diet keeps both obesity and diabetes (the leading cause of blindness) at bay.
Smoking increases your risk of cataracts, damaged optic nerves, and macular degeneration. It’s hard to quit smoking and most people do not succeed at the first attempt.
Don’t give up. The harder you try, the more chances of success you have. Ask your doctor for help.
High levels of sun exposure put your eyes at risk of cataracts and macular degeneration. Pick the right pair of shades to spare your eyes from UV rays.
Even if you use contact lenses with sun protection, you will still benefit from an extra layer of protection via the sunglasses.
If your job requires you to be in contact with hazardous or airborne materials, do not skip the protective goggles. If you play high-impact sports that may cause injury to your eyes, wear a helmet with a protective face mask to shield your eyes.
If you work with computers a lot, it’s advisable to take frequent breaks. Make sure your eye glasses are up to date. Talk to your doctor about special eye glasses used for protection from computer screens.
Your eyes should be looking slightly down at the screen. Try to avoid glare from lights. Rest your eyes every 20 minutes and take a 15-minute walk away from your computer every 2 hours. If your eyes are dry, try to blink more often.
It’s important to visit your eye doctor regularly. Eye exams are necessary as they help detect silent diseases like glaucoma that have no symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment increases your chance of a full recovery.
There are 2 types of eye doctors: Ophthalmologists are doctors who specialise in eye care. They can diagnose and treat eye diseases as well as perform eye surgery. Optometrists can treat eye diseases but do not perform eye surgery.
Depending on your eye needs, you can choose to see one of these two.
This article first appeared in hellodoktor.com and was reviewed by Dr Duyen Le. The Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.